The CCH Editorial Staff of banking and securities law analysts has authored a detailed overview titled, "House Passes Wall Street Reform Act." From the introduction:
On December 11, 2009, the U.S. House of Representatives passed legislation to restructure the financial services regulatory system, the Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act of 2009 (HR 4173), by a vote of 223-202. As discussed below, the sweeping array of reforms includes the Financial Stability Improvement Act, which would create a systemic risk regulator, strengthen regulation of depository institutions and bank holding companies, improve the asset-backed securitization process, and provide for an enhanced dissolution authority. The legislation also would create a Consumer Financial Protection Agency, reform the over-the-counter derivatives market, subject hedge funds to stricter scrutiny, impose new corporate governance mandates, adopt heightened requirements for credit rating agencies and expand regulatory enforcement powers. Among other measures, the legislation features expansive consumer mortgage protections and creates a Federal Insurance Office.